Sean C. Murphy, MD/PhD
Dr. Murphy's work focuses on human malaria infection. Human and animals can be protected against malaria sporozoites challenge by immunization with attenuated Plasmodium sporozoites. The protective responses induced by these immunizations remain largely unknown because it is extremely difficult to simultaneously monitor responses against hundreds of potential antigens. In collaboration with local and international collaborators, Dr. Murphy studies this complex poly-specific T cell repertoire induced by Plasmodium sporozoites using mouse models of malaria infection and novel high-throughput T cell screening technologies.
A major goal of this work is to identify protective antigens in mice, validate the orthologous antigens in human subjects and develop multi-component subunit vaccines that target the pre-erythrocytic stage of malaria infection. Such vaccines could accelerate the development of effective vaccines for the eradication of malaria. The development of high-throughput tools for T cell antigen discovery would also have broad implications for other infectious and autoimmune diseases and our group is exploring several such possibilities. Dr. Murphy also directs a clinical pathology group devoted to molecular diagnosis of malaria infections. This work supports malaria human challenge trials and allows for detection of malaria parasites in human blood up to 3-4 days earlier than by conventional blood smears.
Recent Publications from PubMed
- Liver Stage Infection and Transition to Stable Blood Stage Infection in Liver-Humanized and Blood-Humanized FRGN KO Mice Enables Testing of Blood Stage Inhibitory Antibodies (Reticulocyte-Binding Protein Homolog 5) .Foquet L, Schafer C, Minkah NK, Alanine DGW, Flannery EL, Steel RWJ, Sack BK, Camargo N, Fishbaugher M, Betz W, Nguyen T, Billman ZP, Wilson EM, Bial J, Murphy SC, Draper SJ, Mikolajczak SA, Kappe SHIFrontiers in immunology. 2018 ; 9 : 524
- Flannery EL, Foquet L, Chuenchob V, Fishbaugher M, Billman Z, Navarro MJ, Betz W, Olsen TM, Lee J, Camargo N, Nguyen T, Schafer C, Sack BK, Wilson EM, Saunders J, Bial J, Campo B, Charman SA, Murphy SC, Phillips MA, Kappe SH, Mikolajczak SAJCI insight. 2018 Jan; 3 1:
- Diagnostic challenges of prolonged post-treatment clearance of Plasmodium nucleic acids in a pre-transplant autosplenectomized patient with sickle cell disease.Luethy PM, Murphy SC, Seilie AM, Xie YL, Lau CY, Tisdale JF, Hsieh MM, Reinhardt JL, Lau AF, Fahle GAMalaria journal. 2018 Jan; 17 1: 23
- Sack BK, Mikolajczak SA, Fishbaugher M, Vaughan AM, Flannery EL, Nguyen T, Betz W, Jane Navarro M, Foquet L, Steel RWJ, Billman ZP, Murphy SC, Hoffman SL, Chakravarty S, Sim BKL, Behet M, Reuling IJ, Walk J, Scholzen A, Sauerwein RW, Ishizuka AS, Flynn B, Seder RA, Kappe SHINPJ vaccines. 2017 ; 2 : 27
- A Randomized Trial Evaluating the Prophylactic Activity of DSM265 Against Preerythrocytic Plasmodium falciparum Infection During Controlled Human Malarial Infection by Mosquito Bites and Direct Venous Inoculation.Murphy SC, Duke ER, Shipman KJ, Jensen RL, Fong Y, Ferguson S, Janes HE, Gillespie K, Seilie AM, Hanron AE, Rinn L, Fishbaugher M, VonGoedert T, Fritzen E, Kappe SH, Chang M, Sousa JC, Marcsisin SR, Chalon S, Duparc S, Kerr N, Möhrle JJ, Andenmatten N, Rueckle T, Kublin JGThe Journal of infectious diseases. 2018 Feb; 217 5: 693-702